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Camp chronicle of Fallingbostel area

 

POW camp Stalag XIB POW camp Stalag XID / 321 and 357

 

1937

A barrack camp is being built for construction workers from the military camp

 

May / June 1941

A "Russian camp" is being established in the immediate neighbourhood of Stalag XIB. Stalag XID/321 is designed for 30000 prisoner

 

Sep. 1939

"Stalag XIB" is established within the barrack camp

 

July 1941

Soviet POWs are accommodated in the open

 

End 1940

Approximately 2,500 Polish, French and Belgian POWs are with in the camp, 40000 in labour camps

 

Nov. 1941

There are approximately 11000 POWs in the camp. The first emergency accommodations is being built

 

July to October 1941

Approximately 10000 Soviet officers are accommodated in vacated  barracks

 

Nov. 1941 to Feb. 1942

Outbreak of typhus fever epidemic. The prisoners are dying of hunger, cold and illnesses. All in all approximately 30000 Soviet POWs died in Stalag XIB and XID

 

Nov. 1941 to Feb. 1942

Typhus fever epidemic, people dying in huge numbers

 

March / April 1942

Stalag XID / 321 i being disbanded and taken over by XIB as a "Partial Camp"

 

Mid 1944

93380 POW in Starlag XIB - 25277 of which are Soviets, 79928 in labour camps

 

1944 / 45

In use as Stalag 357 for British and American POWs

 

16. April 1945

Liberation of the POW by British troops

 

16. April 1945

Liberation of the POWs by British troops. After the war the camp is used by the British as an Internment Camp for National Socialists. Afterwards it served as accommodation for refugees. Eventually the barracks were demolished - only the former delousing hut still exists and is used by the local government. 

 

Until 1945 a total of 734 Prisoners of War died within XIB and 375. These were from America, Belgium, England, France, Italy, Yugoslavia, South Africa, Canada, Holland, Poland and Slovakia 22 June 1945

Dedication of the Soviet memorial on the POW Cemetery. More than 30000 Soviet Prisoners from the Camps are buried there.